What Do You Know About Type 1 Diabetes?

What Do You Know About Type 1 Diabetes?

Well, when I first realized what Type 1 Diabetes was it made me scared. Honestly, it's really quite complex in that it's still a mystery illness. Over the years there have been many developments on the treatment but there currently isn't any prevention. Type 1 Diabetes is a destroyer of needed insulin-producing cells which is a vital hormone in our body. 

It's amazing but that is one of the single most wonders of the pancreas is the production of insulin hormone! Funny but for such an important organ and function, it's probably talked about the least. Before we can move onto Type 2 Diabetes, we must understand Type 1 Diabetes. Take the poll below and share your thoughts about Diabetes. Take the quiz below to test your knowledge regarding Type 1 Diabetes!

Your body appears to be fighting itself when Type 1 kicks off! Hey your immune system is attacking those insulin-producing cells called "beta cells". Your immune system is the attacker when it's normally the protector. Really, the immune system is amazing how it fights foreign invaders like that darn flu I catch every year when it's flying around the office. We all need our immune system to be in tip top shape. This is the mystery in this disease, the protector attacks various cells in our body. So guess what, your body will not have the insulin hormone that it needs!

Now if that's not bad enough, we're going to take this disease to another level Type 2 Diabetes. It is a lot like Type 1 but the beta cells aren't destroyed by our immune system. There are other factors that are the cause such as "cystic fibrosis". The pancreas releases the insulin hormone in really small amounts so production is triggered when we eat. I hope your reading the nutritional labels because it seems that just about everything has sugar in it! You eat and the more you eat, the more sugar is released. The food you eat wakes up the good ole pancreas. In other words, if you have Diabetes period you need to watch the portion size of your meals as well as the types of food your eating.

If you don't know, insulin has a main role of moving specific nutrients, especially sugar which the cells carry into the tissues of our body. Cells love sugar and other nutrients. They grab sugar and nutrients from our food in turn which becomes a source of energy. That is what gives us our energy to do what we need to do in any given day. Because the beta cells in Type 1 Diabetes are being destroyed it throws this entire vital process into a dysfunctional mess. Amazing but the amount of sugar in the blood will decrease once it enters into the cells. This in a normal scenario signals the beta cells in the pancreas to lower the amount of insulin hormone secreted so you don't develop low blood sugar or what is known as hypoglycemia.

People that have Type 1 Diabetes don't have insulin available so the sugar doesn't move into the cells. The cells are actually deprived and starving for those nutrients that provide the energy for many important bodily functions. Now that makes other systems in the body work to provide that energy needed for those functions. The sugar builds up in the blood instead of going into cells. One thing I didn't realize is that as a result high blood sugar can cause dehydration, increased urination(to try to clear the sugar from the body). 

Now if things aren't complicated enough, guess what your kidneys are losing the glucose in your urine! A large amount of water is also lost when this happens and that's what causes the dehydration. The loss of sugar in the urine means a loss of calories which provide energy and therefore many people with high sugars lose weight. (Dehydration also contributes to weight loss).

One more problem created in this whole mess is Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Being as there is an absence of insulin the cells are starved of energy. Consequently, our body will start to break down fat cells. Some of you may be saying YEAH I'm losing fat cells but some of this breakdown will include acidic chemicals called ketones which can also be a source of energy. Levels of these ketones begin to build up in the blood, causing an increased acidity. Here comes the liver as it continues to release the sugar it stores to help out. 

Since the body cannot use these sugars without insulin, more sugar piles up in the blood stream. The combination of high excess sugars, dehydration, and acid build up is known as "ketoacidosis" and can be life-threatening if not treated immediately. Having Type 1 Diabetes can damage the body over time with the high sugar levels in the blood. You can incur nerve damage, small blood vessels of the eyes, kidneys, and heart and predispose a person to hardening of the large arteries that can cause a heart attack and stroke. Well now that we took a look at Type 1 Diabetes, we can take a look at Type 2 Diabetes.

Why Diabetics Should Check their feet! Check out the link below to find out more about diabetes and foot problems. Click on the link below to find out why people with Diabetes have foot problems.
Make sure you take the quiz to check your understanding on Type 1 Diabetes. Stay tuned for Diabetes Part 2 on Saturday! Don't forget to LIKE this post, share and subscribe too. Get your free meal planner! Click Here


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